Updated: May 1, 2019
Moroccan historian Maati Monjib and six others are now facing trial before the Tribunal of First Instance in the capital Rabat on charges of receiving foreign funds with intent to undermine Moroccan institutions and endanger national security. If sentenced, they face up to five years’ imprisonment.
Their crime was to have organized training sessions using a smartphone app called Story Maker within the Ibn Rochd Center and AMJI with support from the Dutch NGO Free Press Unlimited and to have received funds from abroad to finance this project. The trial is due to start March 23, 2016.
PETITION REQUESTING THE MOROCCAN GOVERNMENT TO DROP ALL CHARGES AGAINST THE SEVEN HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVISTS
We, the undersigned, members of the National Support Committee of the Seven Moroccan Activists:
1) believe that (a) training in responsible journalism is an activity that promotes free expression, (b) training in investigative journalism aims at allowing the exercise of a legitimate right to access information and allows media to play their role as a watchdog for democracy, (c) receiving funds from abroad to finance activities promoting human rights in no way can be used as a pretext to attempt to block the free exercise by citizens of their civil and political rights;
2) condemn the ongoing campaign against the rights of association and free speech in Morocco;
3) demand the Moroccan government to drop all charges against the seven activists as these charges are only pretexts to attempt to silence the promotion of human rights, which is at the heart of their action;
4) invite citizens around the world who share in these values to join us by signing this petition.
Case Summary Compiled by Network of Concerned Historians
Maâti Monjib (–) is a historian of political ideas and of the Maghreb. Born in Morocco, he got his first PhD in France (North African politics) and another one in Senegal (African political history). He is a member of the Institut des Études Africaines (IEA; Institute for African Studies) at Mohamed V University in Rabat and the chairman (since early 2014) of the Rabat-based pluralist NGO Freedom Now–Comité pour la protection de la liberté de la presse et d’expression and the Association marocaine pour un journalisme d’investigation (AMJI; Moroccan Association of Investigative Journalism).
After the death of King Hassan II in 1999, Monjib returned to Morocco to work at the University of Mohammed V-Rabat. Between 2007 and 2010, he initiated a dialogue between left-wing democrats and moderate islamists. He was a founding member of the support council of the February 20 Movement, which organized protests in Morocco at the beginning of the Arab Spring. He founded and directed the Ibn Rochd Center for Studies and Communication in Rabat, which trained hundreds of Moroccan journalists in investigative techniques and civic journalism. In November 2014 he shut down the institute after repeated interference from the state. Freedom Now, established in 2011, was refused registration by the authorities, reportedly because it is perceived as an antiroyalist front. Monjib had criticized the monarchy in columns in the foreign press in the past.
Since 2013 a long campaign of harassment and intimidation has been waged against him, including threats and defamatory articles in newspapers and on news sites. On August 31, 2015, he was detained briefly at the airport when returning from France. He was told that he was under investigation for “endangering state security.” On September 14, 2015, he was interrogated by the Brigade Nationale de la Police Judiciaire (BNPJ) and accused of tarnishing Morocco’s image abroad, using foreign funds to promote a foreign agenda, and sabotaging the credibility of state institutions. His associates have also been questioned. On September 16, 2015, he went on hunger strike for the first time (until 19 September) after being barred from leaving Morocco for a conference in Barcelona. Authorities declared that they imposed the ban because of their investigation into suspected financial wrongdoing in the Ibn Rochd Center. The IEA board refused to give him permission to travel to Norway to attend two academic events related to his expertise. On October 6, 2015, he went on hunger strike at the headquarters of the Moroccan Association for Human Rights, Rabat, to protest restrictions against his freedom of movement and academic freedom. On October 20, 2015, the secretariat of the National Committee to Support Maati Monjib issued a statement reporting a rapid deterioration in his health after fourteen days of hunger strike and called for a show of solidarity with Monjib on October 21 in front of parliament. During his hunger strike, he collapsed twice, and he was hospitalized. On October 29, 2015, Monjib suspended his hunger strike after authorities ended the travel ban. Instead, he was charged with receiving foreign funds with the intent to undermine Moroccan institutions and endanger national security. His trial before the Tribunal of First Instance in Rabat was due to start March 23, 2016.
Also in late 2015, Monjib sued the Moroccan website “Le360” for defamation in Paris following several articles over the previous months that denigrated him and his family. This trial was due to start in late January 2016.