Country Profile: India

Under the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party, pro BJP vigilantes have committed violent crimes against religious minorities, marginalized communities, academics, and critics of the government. The authorities have failed to investigate attacks and have promoted Hindu supremacy and ultra-nationalism, which encourages violence. In 2017 the Supreme Court rulings strengthened fundamental rights such as equality for women and accountability for security force violations. Despite this, however, security forces continue to make arbitrary arrests, torture detainees and commit extrajudicial killings with impunity. Additionally, new laws and policies aimed at justice for sexual violence survivors have not removed barriers to reporting such crimes. Foreign funding regulations are used to target nongovernmental organizations critical of the government. 


(Last updated: October 30, 2021)


Please send appeals to following:

Narendra Modi

Prime Minister of India

Fax:+ 91 11 2301 685

Sharad Arvind Bobde

Chief Justice of India 


Contact Details

Question, comment, or concern? Our contact form is the best way to get in touch with someone at ESW.

Your details were sent successfully!


Social Research: An International Quarterly
80 Fifth Avenue, Room 715
New York, NY 10011



Tel. (212) 229-5776  

Do you know of a threatened scholar or student?

If you know of a scholar or student who has been threatened or imprisoned, please fill out this form.