Whither Hungary: Academic Freedom and Authoritarianism

Victor Orbán-led Hungarian government has continued to increase pressure on opposition parties, civil society, and the media. Freedom of speech and independence of higher education in Hungary are also facing new legal and institutional threats. Orbán and his FIDESZ government announced that they are once again modifying the National Higher Education Act, having already done so in 2011 when they increased the regulation of foreign academic institutions in Hungary. Part of the 2011 amendments required foreign universities operating in Hungary to strike a bilateral agreement between the country's autocratic government and the universities' country of origin, and to offer teaching services in its home country. According to the Hungarian government, Central European University (CEU) failed to meet the requirements and was forced the relocate out of the country.